Of all the arterial blockages that can develop in your body, the most problematic is coronary artery disease because it’s the leading cause of death in the United States. However, many other arteries throughout the body can develop blockages as well, causing severe life and limb-threatening problems. The board-certified physicians at Vascular Surgery Associates, LLC, specialize in preventing and treating arterial blockages, helping patients prevent serious complications such as a heart attack, stroke, and gangrene. If you need experienced and compassionate vascular care, book an appointment online today or call one of the offices in Bel Air, Baltimore, Towson, Westminster, Elkton, Frederick, Ellicott City, Hampstead, Abingdon, and Lutherville, Maryland.
Arterial blockages occur when cholesterol, calcium, and other fats accumulate in the artery wall, creating deposits called plaque. Without treatment, plaque gets progressively larger and hardens, blocking the blood flowing through the affected artery.
This condition, called atherosclerosis, can affect any artery in your body. It goes by different names, depending on where the plaque occurs. The most common include:
Peripheral artery disease most often affects your legs, while renal artery stenosis occurs when atherosclerosis develops in the arteries carrying blood to your kidneys.
Arterial blockages don’t cause symptoms until the plaque is large enough to significantly block your circulation.
If you have peripheral arterial disease, you develop symptoms such as:
When the blockages affect arteries serving your kidneys, you develop chronic kidney disease. If you have carotid artery disease or coronary artery disease, your first symptom may be a stroke or heart attack.
Your provider at Vascular Surgery Associates, LLC, performs one or more of the following diagnostic tests:
You may also need blood tests to check your cholesterol, triglyceride, and blood sugar levels.
Your treatment begins with lifestyle changes to reduce risk factors and stop atherosclerosis from getting worse. You may need to change your diet, start an exercise program, lose weight, or stop smoking.
Your provider at Vascular Surgery Associates, LLC, may also prescribe medication to slow plaque buildup, lower your blood pressure, prevent blood clots, or reduce cholesterol. If you have an ulcer, you also need intensive wound care.
Advanced arterial blockages need treatment to eliminate the plaque and restore normal circulation. Vascular Surgery Associates, LLC, perform minimally invasive procedures such as balloon angioplasty, atherectomy, and stenting.
If you have any of the above symptoms, call Vascular Surgery Associates, LLC, or schedule an appointment online today.